Let $X$ and $Y$ be compact subsets of $\mathbb{R}^n$. Assume that $X \sqcup X \cong Y \sqcup Y$ (here $X \sqcup X$ is the disjoint union of two copies of $X$, considered as a topological space, and similarly for $Y \sqcup Y$). Then I'm pretty sure that we must have $X \cong Y$. This clearly holds if $X$ and $Y$ are connected, but I can't seem to prove it in general. Can anyone help me?

The result you want is false. Counterexamples are given in Yamamoto, Shuji and Yamashita, Atsushi, A counterexample related to topological sums. Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 134 (2006), no. 12, 3715–3719. These counterexamples are compact subsets of $\mathbb{R}^4$. 

