# “Then obviously…” (a bound on strongly differential functions on an interval)

On the fourth page of their 1967 paper Local Behavior of Solutions of Quasilinear Parabolic Equations, Aaronson and Serrin comment: "Consider a strongly differentiable function $w$ of the real variable $x$, $0 < x < d$. Then obviously

$$|w(x)|^{2} \leq \frac{2}{d}\int_{0}^{d}|w|^{2}\ dx + 2d\int_{0}^{d}|w_{x}|^{2}\ dx$$

and..."

And obviously I don't get it, and am wondering what background I need to fill in before I can read this paper.

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This is I think just a very loose bound of the max norm by the norm of the function and the norm of the (strong) derivative. For any function $f$ defined over $(0,d)$ we have $$|f(x)| \leq \text{min}|f(t)| + \int_0^d |f'(t)| dt \leq \frac{1}{d}\int_0^d|f(t)|dt + \int_0^d |f'(t)| dt$$ All you need now is to replace $f(x)$ by $w^2(x)$. Note by AM-GM inequality $$\frac{1}{d}\int_0^d|w|^2dt + d\int_0^d|w_t|^2dt \geq 2\int_0^d|w\cdot w_t|dt=\int_0^d|(w^2(t)'|dt$$ and the inequality follows.