Originally posted on Maths Stack Exchange.

Let $V$ be a real vector space. An *almost complex structure* on $V$ is a map $J : V \to V$ such that $J^2 = -\mathrm{id}_V$. An almost complex structure gives $V$ the structure of a complex vector space by defining $(a+bi)v = av + bJ(v)$. The idea behind this definition is that $J$ represents multiplication by $i$. What if you instead consider multiplication by other complex numbers?

Let $n > 2$ be a fixed positive integer and let $J : V \to V$ be such that $J^n = -\mathrm{id}_V$ which I will refer to as an *alternative almost complex structure*. One can regard $J$ as trying to capture multiplication by $\zeta = e^{\frac{\pi i}{n}}$. In particular, as $\{1, \zeta\}$ is linearly independent over $\mathbb{R}$, it is a basis for $\mathbb{C}$ as a real vector space. One can then endow $V$ with a complex structure by defining $(a + b\zeta)v = av + bJ(v)$.

Do alternative almost complex structures give rise to the same results as the standard almost complex structures? In particular, in the case where we extend them to bundle endomorphisms of the tangent bundle of a manifold.

If not, what fails? If so, is dealing with almost complex structures easier than dealing with alternative almost complex structures?

As Henry T. Horton asks about in a comment to the original post, I am interested in the integrability of alternative almost complex structures but also whether there are any difficulties when combining with other structures such as a symplectic form or a Riemannian metric.