No less an authority than Gilbert Strang frames "row rank equals column rank" (and a couple of other facts) as "The Fundamental Theorem of Linear Algebra."
I'd simply like to assemble (for teaching purposes) a list of research level applications of this basic fact.
Applications can be theoretical or practical, and I would particularly appreciate learning what value this fact has in the minds of physicists.
(It goes without say) please do not start a debate concerning the centrality of this fact (that's not what MO is for). My question merely seek insights or pointers to the literature that would support making a positive case for centrality. So if you use linear algebra all the time but never this fact, no need to chime in.
"Row rank equals column rank" has the consequence for square matrices that $A$ singular makes $A^T$ singular; I'm sure this case comes up everywhere. Here I'm specifically looking for applications of the one-the-nose numerical equality of ranks.
Feel free to offer a philosophical take on linear algebra that would support the centrality of "row rank equals column rank" even if that philosophy isn't grounded in specific results. (For example, does this simple statement offer a hidden paradigm for whole sophisticated theories.)