There is a reference or a methode which by it we can calculate the cohomology of a configuration space of a compact manifold simply connected? It is possible to find a spectral sequence converging to this cohomology (but the Cohen-Taylor spectral sequence)?
I would be extremely surprised if there was anything other than the Cohen-Taylor spectral sequence that you can do in this generality.
As you know, the first nontrivial page of Cohen-Taylor spectral sequence depends only on the ring $H^\bullet(M)$. I think it's written up somewhere that the higher order differentials are defined by Massey products on $M$. In particular the result you refer to in a comment that $H^\bullet(F(M,n))$ (or its associated graded) can be computed explicitly from $H^\bullet(M)$ extends to arbitrary formal manifolds $M$, not just smooth projective varieties. And if you give yourself a minimal model of $M$ you should be able to compute $H^\bullet(F(M,n))$ for all $n$ as well (but not a minimal model of $F(M,n)$ -- see the paper of Longoni and Salvatore).