It seems that the current state of quantum Brownian motion is ill-defined. The best survey I can find is this one by László Erdös, but the closest the quantum Brownian motion comes to appearing is in this conjecture (p. 30):

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Quantum Brownian Motion Conjecture]: For small [disorder] $\lambda$ and [dimension] $d \ge 3$, the location of the electron is governed by a heat equation in a vague sense: $$\partial_t \big|\psi_t(x)\big|^2 \sim \Delta_x \big|\psi_t(x)\big|^2 \quad \Rightarrow \quad \langle \, x^2 \, \rangle_t \sim t, \quad t \gg 1.$$ The precise formulation of the ﬁrst statement requires a scaling limit. The second statement about the diﬀusive mean square displacement is mathematically precise, but what really stands behind it is a diﬀusive equation that on large scales mimics the Schrödinger evolution. Moreover, the dynamics of the quantum particle converges to the Brownian motion as a process as well; this means that the joint distribution of the quantum densities $\big|\psi_t(x)\big|^2$ at diﬀerent times $t_1 < t_2 < \dots < t_n$ converges to the corresponding ﬁnite dimensional marginals of the Wiener process.

This is the Anderson model in $\mathbb R^d$ with disordered Hamiltonian $H = -\Delta + \lambda V$. The potential $V$ is disordered, and is generated by i.i.d. random fields; the parameter $\lambda$ controls the scale of the disorder.

Classical Brownian motion admits many characterizations and generalizations. For example, Wiener measure leads to the construction of an abstract Wiener space, which is the appropriate setting for the powerful Mallivin calculus. The structure theorem of Gaussian measures says that *all* Gaussian measures are abstract Wiener measures in this way. I would love to know what all this theory looks like in the language of non-commutative probability theory.

The QBM Conjecture states roughly that a quantum particle in a weakly disordered environment should behave like a quantum Brownian motion. This is an important open problem, but it doesn't quite capture what a QBM *is*, nor what different *types* of QBM may exist. Thus my question:

What kind of precise mathematical object is a quantum Brownian motion?

reviewhas nothing do with a non-commutative probabilistic description of quantum Brownian motion, I think that non-comm. prob. theory might be one framework in which to precisely describe QBM. I make no claims that this approach is necessary but it may be useful. – Tom LaGatta Feb 21 '13 at 16:18