In [M. Gromov, Endomorphisms of symbolic algebraic varieties, J. Eur. Math. Soc. (JEMS) 1 (1999), 109–197], Gromov introduces the notion of pre-injective map. Recasting this notion in the setting of Abelian groups we get the following:

Definition. Given a finite discrete Abelian group $G$, an (infinite) index set $X$ and taking the product $G^X$ endowed with the product topology, we say that a continuous endomorphism $\phi:G^X\to G^X$ is *pre-injective* if the restriction of $\phi$ to $G^{(X)}$ (the subgroup of elements with finite support) is injective.

The Pontryagin-Van Kampen dual of $\phi$ is just an endomorphism $\widehat\phi$ of the discrete group $G^{(X)}$. Can we say that $\phi$ is pre-injective just looking at $\widehat\phi$? In other words, what is the algebraic property of $\widehat\phi$ which corresponds to the pre-injectivity of $\phi$?