Suppose $$j:M\prec N$$ is a non-trivial elementary embedding. Under what conditions on the sets (classes?) $M$ and $N$ (or even the critical point of $j$) does $j$ extend to an elementary embedding $$k:L(M)\prec L(N)?$$

In the case where $M=N=V_{\lambda+1}$, the existence of such a $k$ is a strictly stronger assumption (this is Woodin's $I_0$ axiom), but need this always be the case?

A more specific question involves extendible cardinals: Recall that $\kappa$ is extendible if, for every $\eta >\kappa$ there exists a $\theta>\eta$ and an elementary embedding $j:V_{\eta+1}\prec V_{\theta+1}$ such that $crit(j)=\kappa$ and $j(\kappa)>\eta$. Does $j$ extend to a $$k:L(V_{\eta+1})\prec L(V_{\theta+1})?$$

Is the existence of such a $k$ a straight-forward construction or is it strictly stronger than the existence of an extendible cardinal?