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in 1971 M.Auslander showed that the representation dimension of $A$ is $\neq 1$ for every Artin algebra $A$.

Does anybody have a reference paper or book proving this? Is the proof easy and / or does it need many prerequisites?

Thanks for the help.

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up vote 4 down vote accepted

First of all, you have to assume that $A$ is non-semi-simple. For a semi-simple Artin algebra, the representation dimension is defined to be 1.

For a non-semi-simple algebra, the representation dimension is, by definition, the smallest $d$ such that there exists $M$ an $A$-module which is both a generator and a co-generator, and such that the global dimension of the endomorphism ring of $M$ is $d$.

To show the representation dimension of $M$ is not 1, we need to show that the endomorphism ring of $M$ is not hereditary.

Since $M$ is a generator and a co-generator, it contains all the projective indecomposables and all the injective decomposables as direct summands.

If $A$ is non-semi-simple, then it has a projective indecomposable module $P$ which is not simple. Let $Q$ be another projective which has a non-zero map to $P$. Suppose $P$ is the projective cover of the simple $S$, and let $I$ be its injective hull. Then the composition of the maps from $Q$ to $P$ and from $P$ to $I$ is zero. This shows that there are relations among the elements the endomorphism ring of $M$. It follows that the endomorphism ring is not hereditary.

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