# On a inequality [closed]

I hope the following kind of inequality holds: let $a_i,b_i\in R$ with $b_i>0$, $\sum _{i=1}^mt_i=1$ with $t_i>0$, then $$\frac{t_1a_1+\cdot+t_ka_k}{t_1b_1+\cdot+t_kb_k}\le\frac{a_1}{b_1}+\cdot+\frac{a_k}{b_k}.$$

I am not sure whether it is true. Does someone know some inequalities like above? Many thanks!

Note: I have changed the inequality. The following $$\frac{t_1a_1+\cdot+t_ka_k}{t_1b_1+\cdot+t_kb_k}\le \max(\frac{a_1}{b_1},\cdots,\frac{a_k}{b_k}).$$ holds. The matter is $a_i (i=1,\cdots,k)$ are not necessary positive.

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## closed as not a real question by Yemon Choi, Andrés E. Caicedo, Pietro Majer, Michael Renardy, quid Dec 11 '12 at 17:07

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Your statement cannot be true. You need at very least to ask whether there is $C>0$ such that [...] and to impose that also $a_i>0$ (otherwise you could simply obtain the reverse inequality simply by flipping the sign of $a_i$). – Delio Mugnolo Dec 10 '12 at 11:09
...or $a_i\ge 0$, of course. – Delio Mugnolo Dec 10 '12 at 11:11
Suppose Delio's comments were imposed, i.e. you look only at $a_i \geq 0$ (I see you have $C>0$ now.). As it is now you've "given too much" to be a meaningful inequality, because you've given the $a_i , b_i,$ and $t_i$. This means that the right hand side is fully determined, as is everything on the left hand side except for C. Also both sides are nonnegative. Thus, the question reduces to asking if the left hand side is nonzero, whether there is a positive number $C \leq$ to the quotient of two positive numbers, which is always a positive number so yes. – Robert L. Simione II Dec 10 '12 at 11:52
My guess is that a more meaningful inequality would have $C$ depend only on the $t_i$, but that's for you to decide. – Robert L. Simione II Dec 10 '12 at 11:53
Thank you for your comments. – ljjpfx Dec 11 '12 at 11:00

Write $x_i = a_i/b_i$, $y_i= t_i b_i$. Your inequality then reduces to the question of if there is some $C$ such that sometimes $$C \sum_i x_i y_i \le \sum_i x_i \cdot \sum_i y_i,$$ and if so, under what conditions.
In brief, $C=n$, and the condition is that the $x_i$ and $y_i$ have to be oppositely sorted (meaning that we can permute the indices such that $x_1 \le \dotsb \le x_n$ and $y_1 \ge \dotsb \ge y_n$). The $y_i$ don't have to be non-negative, but the sorting condition is crucial: if they are similarly sorted, then the inequality flips its direction!