Let $E_{\alpha}(x^{\alpha})$ be a MittagLeffler function, $\alpha \in (0,1)$. It is an eigenfunction for nonlocal fractional derivative, defined as a convolution with $$ \Phi_{\lambda}(x) = \frac{x_{+}^{\lambda1}}{\Gamma(\lambda)} $$ when $\lambda = \alpha$ (Gelfand, Shilov, "Generalized functions"). We can define a local fractional derivative of order $\alpha$ by $$ \tilde{D}^{\alpha}f(x) = \lim\limits_{\delta \to +0} \frac{\Gamma(\alpha+1)(f(x+\delta)f(x))}{\delta^{\alpha}} $$ Then for any $x>0$ we will have $\tilde{D}^{\alpha}E_{\alpha}(x^{\alpha}) = 0$ and $E_{\alpha}(x^{\alpha})$ is not invariant under action of local fractional derivative. I would like to know which function is an eigenfunction of local fractional derivative. If this function is wellknown, is there a representation of such function that depends on $x$ through $x^{\alpha}$ like the MittagLeffler function? I think that the main advantage of such function is that $f(x+a)$ will still be an eigenfunction for any $a$ because of locality of operator. This property doesn't hold for nonlocal fractional derivative defined above, so $E_{\alpha}((x+a)^{\alpha})$ is not an eigenfunction for nonlocal fractional derivative if $a > 0$.
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Nothing interesting is going to happen. Suppose $f$ is an eigenfunction, then it certainly must be continuous. Consider a closed interval on which $f$ is bounded away from $0$, then the fractional derivative of $f$, which is just a constant multiple of $f$, will also be bounded away from $0$. Say it is positive. Then $f  k x$ will also have positive fractional derivative for each constant $k$, since $kx$ has zero fractional derivative. A function of positive fractional derivative must be increasing, so $fkx$ is an increasing function for all $k$. This is clearly impossible. 

