By a closed geodesic, I mean a smooth periodic geodesic $\mathbb{R} \rightarrow (M,g)$. I will consider them up to geometric distinction. This means that any two closed geodesics are equivalent if they have the same image in $(M,g)$.

Manifolds with constant curvature $\leq 0$, by Cartan's theorem, cannot have any closed contractible geodesics, and every riemannian metric on $S^2$ has infinitely many closed geodesics (for $n\geq 3$, the analogous theorem for $S^n$ is not known). Moreover, if the sequence of Betti numbers of the loops space $\Omega(M)$ is unbounded and $M$ is simply-connected, then $(M,g)$ contains infinitely many (contractible) closed geodesics.

**Are there any known examples of riemannian manifolds with finitely and positively many closed contractible geodesics (or even just closed geodesics)?**

There is a theorem associated with Gromov asserting that the word problem of $\pi_1 M$ is solvable if there is a metric $g$ on $M$ with only finitely many contractible closed geodesics. I was wondering if there are any non-trivial examples for this theorem.