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Consider the fourier transform of $e^{it|\xi|^{2\alpha}}$ ($\alpha>0$)in $\mathbb{R}^n$,let $K_{\alpha}=\mathcal{F}(e^{it|\xi|^{\alpha}})$,so $K$ is a tempered distribution.Now I want to know if there is a explicit expression of $K$,for the simpliest case,namely $\alpha=1$,it's well known that $$ K_1=(4\pi it)^{-\frac{n}{2}}e^{-\frac{|x|^2}{4it}} $$ Another special case is $\alpha=\frac{1}{2}$,since we know that $\mathcal{F}e^{-t|\xi|}=C_{n}\frac{t}{(t^{2}+|\xi|^2)^{\frac{n+1}{2}}}$,where $t>0$,let $t=-it$,so at least formally, $$ K_{\frac{1}{2}}=C_{n}\frac{-it}{(|\xi|^2-t^{2})^{\frac{n+1}{2}} }$$

My question is how about general $\alpha$ ?,so far I have known that when $0<\alpha<\frac{1}{2}$,$\alpha=\frac{1}{2}$,$\alpha>\frac{1}{2}$,the singularity of $K$ lies at $0$,$t=|x|$,$\infty$ respectively.

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2 Answers 2

We consider $t=1$ for simplicity and wright $K_{\alpha}=\mathcal{F}(\eta(|\xi|) e^{i|\xi|^\alpha})+\mathcal{F}((1-\eta )e^{i|\xi|^\alpha})$,where $\eta\in C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R})$,and $\eta=0$,near 0,$\eta(t)=1$,when $t\ge 1$,the second term in the RHS is smooth and has good behaviour at $\infty$,so we look at the first term,in A.Miyachi's paper "On some singular fourier multipliers"see http://repository.dl.itc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2261/6297/1/jfs280206.pdf it has a thoroughly analysis on it.When $0<\alpha<\frac{1}{2}$,we have $K\in C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{n}\backslash{0})$ and $$ K_{\alpha}=C|x|^{\frac{n(\alpha-1)}{1-2\alpha}}e^{iB|x|^{-\frac{2\alpha}{1-2\alpha}}}+o(|x|^{\frac{n(\alpha-1)}{1-2\alpha}})\quad \text{as}|x|\to 0 $$

When $\alpha>\frac{1}{2}$,$K$ is smooth throughout $\mathbb{R}^{n}$,and $$ K_{\alpha}=C|x|^{\frac{n(\alpha-1)}{1-2\alpha}}e^{iB|x|^{-\frac{2\alpha}{1-2\alpha}}}+o(|x|^{\frac{n(\alpha-1)}{1-2\alpha}})\quad \text{as}|x|\to\infty $$ In this case we can see that unlike $\alpha=1$, for $\alpha>1$,$K_{\alpha}$ has decay of $|x|^{-\frac{n(\alpha-1)}{2\alpha-1}}$ at $\infty$.

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For $t=i$ there is a formula involving an integral of a Bessel function, so I doubt there is a simple closed formula for $K_{\alpha}$ in general. You can find the formula I mentioned in the first page of the article "Some theorems on stable processes" by Blumenthal and Getoor. Also see this related MO question.

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@Shanlin: I could not get your link to work when I click on it. –  Abdelmalek Abdesselam Oct 12 '12 at 13:57
    
@Abdelmalek Abdesselam :sorry for that,see springerlink.com/content/h4g567q026617364 Proposition 2.1 for the transform of $e^{-|\xi|^\alpha}$ –  user23078 Oct 12 '12 at 14:25
    
@Shanlin: the link works now. The paper you linked to has the asymptotic expansion not the exact calculation which I think goes back to Polya. –  Abdelmalek Abdesselam Oct 12 '12 at 15:44

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