I asked this question at Stack Exchange but received no answer. The origins of the question are unclear, as I came across it rummaging through old notebooks from highschool, in one of which it was stated without any reference or proof. Let $x, y, z$ and $t$ be positive numbers such that $x+y+z+t=1$. Then the following inequality holds: $$ \frac{\sqrt[3]{x^4 + y^4 + z^4 + t^4} - (x^2 + y^2 + z^2 + t^2)}{\sqrt[3]{x^4 + y^4 + z^4 + t^4} - \sqrt{x^3 + y^3 + z^3 + t^3}}<4 $$

I tried various approaches, e.g. using some form of power means monotonicity, symmetric reduction, looking up Bullen's "Handbook of Means and Their Inequalities", even desperate approaches like the y-positivity of Cuttler, Greene & Skandera. It didn't work.

I doubt this is a research grade question even though numerical experiments show that it can be extended to any number of variables, not only 4. Moreover, I believe that an elementary proof exists otherwise I would not have been able to prove it in highschool.