Suppose we have a space M with a real-valued, differentiable function F on M. Under what conditions on F will the Euler characteristic of M be expressed as a (signed) sum of Euler characteristics of components of the critical set for F? Can we relax the Morse-Bott requirement? What if the critical set isn't smooth... can we ever say anything?
Thanks! (I've also just asked a longer companion question on similar things).