The ErdősStraus conjecture states that any fraction of the form $\frac{4}{n}$ can be decomposed as an Egyptian fraction with just 3 terms. In related research, I've recently come across conditions on $n$ (e.g. if $n$ has factorization of such and such a form) so that $\frac{k}{n}$ can be decomposed as an Egyptian fraction with $k$ terms. This isn't strong enough to prove ErdősStraus, but I was wondering if there were already results like this out there or if this is new. It seems like most of what I read examines the 3term decompositions. Are 4term decompositions trivial to come by?

Sums of 4 (or generally $k$) unit fractions are by no means trivial. There is a general criterion to Y. Rav (On the representation of rational numbers as a fixed sum of unit fractions. J. Reine Angew. Math. 222 (1966): 207213.) http://gdz.sub.unigoettingen.de/dms/load/img/?PPN=GDZPPN00218186X&IDDOC=253620 The equation $\frac{m}{n}= \frac{1}{x_1} + \cdots + \frac{1}{x_k}$ One can expect that for fixed $m$ and fixed $3 \leq k < m$, there is some finite bound $N_{m,k}$ such that $n>N_{m,k}$ admits a solution. But this is an open problem. One can prove that for "almost all" $n \leq N$. The strongest version of "almost all", and a discussion of the parametrization of such equations is in C. Elsholtz, Sums of $k$ unit fractions, Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 353 (2001), 32093227 http://www.ams.org/journals/tran/200135308/S0002994701027829/ 

