Let $G=PSL(2,q)$ where $q$ is prime power. What is Aut$(G\times G)$ and Aut$(G\times G\times G)$? Also if $G=A_{n}$ where $A_{n}$ is the alternating group of degree $n$, then what is Aut$(G\times G)$?
Thanks in advance
Let $G=PSL(2,q)$ where $q$ is prime power. What is Aut$(G\times G)$ and Aut$(G\times G\times G)$? Also if $G=A_{n}$ where $A_{n}$ is the alternating group of degree $n$, then what is Aut$(G\times G)$? Thanks in advance 


In general, if $S$ is a finite nonAbelian simple group, and $E$ is a direct product of $n$ copies of $S$, then ${\rm Out}(E) = {\rm Aut}(E)/E$ is isomorphic to ${\rm Out}(S) \wr S_{n}.$ This is because every minimal normal subgroup of $E$ is isomorphic to $S$ (in fact, is one of the obvious simple direct factors of $E$) and the automorphism group of $S$ permutes the minimal normal subgroups of $E$. To provide more detail in order to make up for the lack of a reference: The $n$ "obvious" simple direct factors of $E$ are called the components of $E.$ The direct product of $n$ copies of ${\rm Aut}(S)$ obviously sits inside ${\rm Aut}(E).$ Furthermore, the assumed isomorphisms between the $n$ components may be included to show that ${\rm Aut}(S) \wr S_{n}$ embeds in ${\rm Aut}(E).$ On the other hand, the permutation action of ${\rm Aut}(E)$ on the components of $E$ gives a homomorphism from ${\rm Aut}(E)$ to $S_{n}.$ The kernel of this homomorphism is the intersection $K$ of the normalizers of the individual components. Since $E$ contains its centralizer in ${\rm Aut}(E)$, the group $K/E$ is isomorphic to a subgroup of a direct product of $n$ copies of ${\rm Out}(S).$ Hence this establishes that ${\rm Aut}(E) \leq  {\rm Aut}(S) \wr S_{n}.$ But we have the inequality the other way round, so ${\rm Aut}(E) \cong {\rm Aut}(S) \wr S_{n}.$ 


See this wikipedia article. The result mentioned there implies that the automorphism group is the wreath product power of the automorphism group of $G.$ 

