First, let me point out that only the differential form $\newcommand{\pa}{\partial}$ $\newcommand{\bpa}{\bar{\partial}}$ $\pa\bpa f$ is well defined globally on $S$. Locally

$$ \pa\bpa f= f_{z\bar{z}} dz\wedge d\bar{z}, $$

but the coordinate $z$ is only locally defined. If you choose different a different local coordinate $u$ you have an equality

$$ f_{z\bar{z}} dz\wedge d\bar{z}= \pa\bpa f=f_{u\bar{u}} du\wedge d\bar{u} \tag{A} $$

yet

$$ f_{z\bar{z}} \neq f_{u\bar{u}}. $$

The equality (A) implies that

$$ f_{u\bar{u}}= f_{z\bar{z}} \cdot \left| \frac{dz}{du} \right|^2. $$

On the other hand,

$$\frac{d}{du} =\frac{dz}{du}\frac{d}{dz} $$

so that

$$\frac{d^2}{du^2}= \frac{d^2 z}{du^2} \frac{d}{dz}+ \left(\frac{dz}{du}\right)^2\frac{d^2}{dz^2}. $$

Hence, if $z= au+bu^2+ O(u^3)$$, $$ a\in \mathbb{C}\setminus 0$$, we deduce

$$ f_{u\bar{u}}= |a|^2 f_{z\bar{z}}, $$

$$f_{uu}= a^2 f_{zz}. $$

In particular, at the critical point $x_0$ we have

$$\left| \frac{f_{uu}}{f_{u\bar{u}}}\right|= \left| \frac{f_{zz}}{f_{z\bar{z}}}\right|. $$

This proves that you cannot find a holomorphic coordinate $u$ near $x_0$ that makes $f_{u\bar{u}}$ very small and $f_{uu}$ very large.

**Update.** $\newcommand{\ii}{\boldsymbol{i}}$ If $z=x+\ii y$, then using the equalities

$$\pa_z=\frac{1}{2}(\pa_x-\ii\pa_y),\;\;\pa_{\bar{z}}=\frac{1}{2}(\pa_x+\ii\pa_y), $$

we deduce

$\DeclareMathOperator{\tr}{tr}$ $\DeclareMathOperator{\Hess}{Hess}$

$$
f_{z\bar{z}}=\frac{1}{4} (f_{xx}+f_{yy}) =\frac{1}{4}\tr \Hess(f), $$

$$ f_{zz}=\frac{1}{4}( f_{xx}+f_{yy}+2\ii f_{xy}). $$

As I mentioned in one of my comments, you can choose $f$ so that the partials $f_{xx},f_{yy}, f_{xy}$ have any prescribed values at $x_0$, but observe that

$$\left|\frac{f_{zz}}{f_{z\bar{z}}}\right|^2=\frac{ (\tr \Hess(f))^2+(f_{xy})^2}{(\tr \Hess(f))^2}\geq 1. $$