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Sorry if the following are stupid questions (i do not know much about the graph theory).

1. Motivation

we do not know the graph isomorphism problem in class P or NP complete and it is P in the case trees (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Graph_isomorphism_problem).

2. Transformation a graph to tree

Let $G$ be a simple connect graph with $v$ vertices and $e$ edges. We consider the following process:

Process: If $G$ is not a tree we will have a cycle in $G$, called $C_k$ with vertices (assume that) $v_1,...,v_k$. Then

  • We add a new vertex $w$ to $G$
  • delete $k$ edges of $C_k$: $(v_1,v_2),...,(v_k, v_1)$.
  • Add $k$ edges $(w,v_1),...,(w,v_k)$ to the graph.

We obtain a new graph $G'$ with $v+1$ vertices and $e$ edges.

Theorem. Applying the above process $v - e + 1$ times we get a tree $T$.

Notice that we may get many trees by different processes.

Question 1. Assume that we always choice $C_k$ such that $k$ as small as possible. Is it true that every tree we obtain are isomorphism?

I do not know this question true or false. In the case we have a negative in general, which condition it is true?

3. The graph isomorphism problem

In the case Question 1 has an affirmative answer for each $G$ we get a tree $T(G)$ (up to an isomorphism).

Question 2. Assume that $G$ and $H$ are simple connect graph with same number of vertices, edges, degrees of vretex,... (we can need more condition which easy to check). Whether $G$ and $H$ are isomorphism iff $T(G)$ and $T(H)$ are isomorphism?

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1 Answer

up vote 6 down vote accepted

If two cycles of minimum length have a common edge, then it matters which is chosen. Try two triangles with a common edge, plus one more vertex joined to an apex of one of the triangles.

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we choice one of them and get a new graph. –  Pham Hung Quy Jul 4 '12 at 9:55
    
one process we choice one cycle. –  Pham Hung Quy Jul 4 '12 at 9:57
    
If you try the different possible processes with the graph suggested by Brendan, you will see that the answer to question 1 is no. –  nvcleemp Jul 4 '12 at 10:20
    
Thanks you a lost! –  Pham Hung Quy Jul 4 '12 at 13:52
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