Srinivasa Ramanujan in his first letter to G.H. Hardy stated many results for which he didn't give proofs. Among them the result taken from this link seems interesting :

- If $$\int\limits_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\cos{nx}}{e^{2\pi\sqrt{x}}-1} \ dx = \phi(n)$$ then $\displaystyle\int\limits_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\sin{nx}}{e^{2\pi\sqrt{x}}-1} \ dx = \phi(n)-\frac{1}{2n} + \phi\biggl(\frac{\pi^2}{n}\biggr)\sqrt{\frac{2\pi^3}{n^3}}$.

The link also mentions that $\phi(n)$ is a complicated function. The following are certain special values and shows some values.

Questions which I would like to ask here are:

Where can I find the proof of the above result?

"

*The following are certain special values*": Whats so special about the values?