## Number of generators of $m$-primary ideals in $k[x, y]$

Let $R = k[x, y]$ with $k$ algebraically closed, and $m = (x, y)$. Suppose $I$ is an $m$-primary ideal of $R$, i.e., $(x, y)^n \subset I \subset (x, y)$ for some $n$. If $I_m$ is generated by a regular sequence of length 2, i.e., $I_m = aR_m + bR_m$ where $a, b$ is a regular sequence of $R_m$. What can we say about the number of generators of $I$ in this case?

All my examples show that $I$ is generated by a regular sequence of length 2, yet not a proof is found.

Thanks,

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This is a standard result using elementary homological algebra. If $I$ is a height two local complete intersection ideal in $R=k[x,y]$, then it is a complete intersection. Under the hypothesis, it follows that $\mathrm{Ext}^1_R(I,R)$ is isomorphic to $R/I$, this being a local calculation and Chinese remainder theorem. The extension corresponding to $1\in R/I$ is $0\to R\to P\to I\to 0$ and one checks that $P$ is $R$-projective of rank two, since by choice $\mathrm{Ext}^1_R(P,R)=0$, and hence free (by Seshadri's theorem).