To precise the answer of Timo. Yes, the spectral sequence of Timo is the way to answer your question in general. Of course, it depends on computing Galois cohomology, which may not be easy, and is very dependent of
the type of fields $K$ you are considering. As Keerthy remarked, if $l$ and $[L:K]$ are
coprime, your isomorphism is correct.

If you want interesting conditions for this to be true,
you need to be more specific on your situation. In general, one situation that has been
studied (for arithmetic purposes) are the cases where $K$ is a local or a global field,
and $L$ an algebraic closure of $K$ (or, when $K$ is global, the maximal algebraic extension unramified outside a specified, often finite, set of places). In this case, general theorems
tells you that you don't have to worry about the Galois cohomology group $H^i$ with $i>2$,
which simplifies a lot your spectral sequence, and you have deep conjectures, sone of them
theorems, which tells you that some of those Galois cohomology groups vanish, which
in many cases can tell you that your isomorphism holds. These conjectures are called the Jannsen's conjectures, and they are related (but not in anyway equivalent) to the Bloch-Kato conjectures on the rank of Selmer groups. You can read about them (and the applications to your question, which is explicitly mentioned in the introduction as a motivation)
in Jannsen's paper in the book "Galois groups over $\mathbb{Q}$, edited by Ribet, Serre, Ihara.