Let $(C,\partial)$ and $(C',\partial')$ be chain complexes of $R$-modules where $R$ is a (commutative) ring. Let $F$ and $F'$ be finite filtrations of $C$ and $C'$ respectively, i.e., $$\varnothing = F_0C \subset F_1C \subset \ldots \subset F_nC = C$$ and similarly for $F'$. There exist spectral sequences associated to $F$ and $F'$, let's call them $E_{\ast,\ast}^\ast$ and $E'_{\ast,\ast}^\ast$.

It is quite easy to see that an isomorphism from $F$ to $F'$ induces an isomorphism from $E$ to $E'$. What is completely unclear to me (and sorry if this is not a research level question but I couldn't find an answer) is the converse, namely:

Does an isomorphism from $E$ to $E'$ imply a (quasi-)isomorphism between $F$ and $F'$?

More precisely, if two filtrations give rise to isomorphic spectral sequences, what is the strongest statement that can be made about them? Does this statement depend on the finiteness of the filtrations, on the nature of the ring $R$, on convergence of the spectral sequences, etc?

filteredquasi-isomorphism = isomorphism in the filtered derived category. Although this may not answer your question. – Donu Arapura Jun 20 '12 at 18:29