0
votes
0answers
2 views

A Feynman-Kac style derivation of a survival probability of a Compound Poisson process

Let $$R_t = u + \beta t - \sum^{N_t}_{i=1}U_i$$where $u\geq 0$, $\beta > 0$, $N_t$ is a Poisson counting process with intensity $\lambda$ and $U_i$ are jumps having a probability density $\nu(y)$. ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Questions about “On the homology of configuration spaces”

In the paper On the homology of configuration spaces, Bodigheimer-Cohen-Taylor, Topology 1989, Section 2.5, line 6 - line 8: Question: How to prove this claim? My attempt: I tried to prove that when ...
3
votes
0answers
14 views

Detecting positive endomaps of the formal reals

A locale is a sort of "formal topological space", which "may not have enough points to separate its open sets". For instance, there is a "locale of all real numbers that are both rational and ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

Coherent cohomology of the moduli space of curves

Is $H^i\left(\overline{\mathcal M}_g, \mathcal O_{\overline{\mathcal M}_g}\right)$ nontrivial for any $i>0$ and any $g$? I was not able to find literature on this after searching for a bit, ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Any formula for the partial sum of a remainder series?

Let $N \ge 1$ be an integer, and there is a series $ \{ N \mod 1, N \mod 2, ... , N \mod i, ... \}$. Obviously when $i \gt N+1$, the series will become $\{N, N, N, ..., \}$. So only take $i \le N$ ...
-1
votes
0answers
13 views

Angle sum of triangle in Schwarzschild solution

Curvature of space is often intuitively explained as angles of a triangle not adding up to 180 degrees. I was wondering how well that applies in the context of General Relativity. Suppose you have a ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Surgery along an arc connecting the components of a $2$-component link gives the unknot

Math Overflow seems to have a dearth of low dimensional topology, but this seems like an interesting question. Let $L$ be a $2$-component link in $S^3$. Suppose that there is a framed arc joining the ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

What's the relationship between the different versions of the BBD decomposition theorem?

I have a few questions relating to the BBD decomposition theorem. I have come across the following two versions of the decomposition theorem. Version 1. Let $f : X \to Y$ be a proper map of ...
-2
votes
0answers
26 views

Total derivative involving rigid body motion

This stems from considering rigid body transformations, but is really a general question about total derivatives. Something is probably missing in my understanding here. A rigid body motion ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

cross-sections of a sphere bundle

Let $M$ be a $m$-manifold and $M_0$ a submanifold of $M$. Let $X$ be a pointed topological space. In the paper On the homology of configuration spaces, Bodigheimer-Cohen-Taylor, Topology 1989, ...
6
votes
1answer
78 views

Does stationary reflection imply Mahloness?

Suppose $\kappa$ is strongly inaccessible and every stationary subset of $\kappa$ reflects. Must $\kappa$ be Mahlo? Remarks: It is possible for every stationary subset of $\kappa$ to reflect, but ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Can we always add sets without collapsing cardinals or adding [very] bounded sets?

Given a model of $\sf ZFC$, and an infinite ordinal $\alpha$. Can we prove that there is always a cardinal $\kappa$, and a forcing $\Bbb P$, such that: $\Bbb P$ does not add sets of rank ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Counting elements with certain word length in abelian groups

Given a (finite) abelian group $G = \langle S \mid R \rangle$, has the problem of counting the number of elements which can be expressed as a word (in $S$) of length $\leq k$ been studied? If so, ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Adjointable Abelian Monoidal Functor

Given two abelian monoidal categories ${\cal C,D}$ (where the monoidal operation is bilinear) and an additive monoidal functor $F:{\cal C} \to {\cal D}$. Will $F$ always admit an adjoint?
1
vote
0answers
18 views

concentration inequalities for quadratic forms of correlated random vectors

Let $\mathbf{n}$ is a Gaussian random vector with mean $\mathbf{0}$ and co-variance matrix $\mathbf{H}$. Let $\mathbf{r} = Sign(\mathbf{n})$, where $Sign(n_i) = 1$ if $n_i>0$ and $Sign(n_i) = -1$ ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Purely inseparable field extensions of degree p

Take a field $k$. If $k'/k$ is a field extension of degree $p$, it is known that there are many possibilities for the isomorphism class of $k'$. See ...
3
votes
0answers
59 views

Are smooth solutions to a PDE dense in the space of $L^2$ solutions to the PDE?

Let's say I have a linear differential operator $P$ with smooth coefficients between bundles $E$ and $F$ over a smooth compact manifold $X$ with smooth boundary. Let's consider $P$ as an operator ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Does the following characterize local presentability?

Let $\mathcal C$ be a cocomplete category. Consider the following two conditions: $\mathcal C$ is locally presentable. The Yoneda embedding $$\mathcal C \hookrightarrow \{\text{continuous functors ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Hilbert scheme of relative subschemes of lenght 2

Let $\mathfrak X \rightarrow S$ a smooth projective family over the spectrum of a dvr. We know that $(\mathfrak X _{\eta_R})^{[2]}$ and $(\mathfrak X _{p})^{[2]}$ are smooth, where $p$ is the closed ...
-2
votes
1answer
74 views

Recursion, Common Term, Combinatorics [on hold]

May we find the common term for recursive sequence? if yes that how to find the common term of recursive sequence such: 1 2 1 3 1 2 1 4 1 2 1 3 1 2 1 5 1 2 1 3 1 2 1 4 1 2 1 3 1 2 1 6 ... in a ...
6
votes
1answer
136 views

Frobenius $A_{\infty}$-bialgebras?

Recall that a finite dimensional associative algebra $A$ over a field $k$ is called a symmetric Frobenius algebra (sometimes called "closed" Frobenius algebra) if its equipped with a symmetric non ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

A specific class of $(0,1)$-matrices

Let $T_n$ be the class of $(0,1)$-matrices of order n with no row sum equal to a column sum. Is there any name or research about this kind of matrix? For any $A\in T_n$, let $S_A$ be the sum of all ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

Non-degenerate periodic orbits in the boundary of Lefschetz fibration over a disk

Suppose that $\pi:E \to D$ is a 4-dimensional Lefschetz fibration over a disk, and let $\Omega$ be a closed 2-form on $E$ such that it is non-degenerate fiberwise. For any $x \in E$, there is a ...
3
votes
0answers
48 views

Is there a quotient of $c_0$ without the approximation property?

The famous example of Enflo of a Banach space without the approximation property is actually a subspace of $c_0$. Is there a quotient of $c_0$ without the approximation property? This would follow if ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Markov chain matching local time

Let $\left(X_{t}\right)_{t\geq0}$ be a Markov process taking values in a finite state space $E$. Its local time at $y\in E$ started at $x\in E$ is defined as $$ ...
2
votes
2answers
124 views

Divisibility among discriminants

Let $f(x)$ be an algebraic function over the field $\mathcal F$ of algebraic numbers over $\mathbb{Q}$. Suppose that $r \in \mathcal F$. Does the discriminant of $f(r)$ divide the discriminant of ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Stationary distribution of two-dimensional Markov Process?

A two-dimensinal Markov process $\{\theta_{t},S_{t}\}_{t=1}^{\infty}$ where $\theta_{t} \in \Theta$ and $S_{t} \in S$.$\Theta$ is a continuous state space and $S$ is a discrete state space. Suppose I ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

problem in meaning of symbol in commutator subgroup

i was reading paper "OUTER AUTOMORPHISMS IN NILPOTENT p-GROUPS OF CLASS 2, H. LlEBECK" in page 2 there is a symbol i dont get. if G is generated by a basis $a_\lambda$, $\lambda \in \Lambda$ and $z ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Graphs from which two vertices can be exchanged

A graph is vertex transitive if $x \mapsto y$ by an automorphism. Let $P$ denote the stronger property that $x \mapsto y \mapsto x$ by an automorphism. Simple facts: $P \rightarrow$ unimodular. ...
-3
votes
0answers
49 views

Which branch should I choose for my master degree? PDE or Dynamical Systems [on hold]

I'm finishing my undergraduate in Industrial Engineering and I've applied for a mathematical master in which I can choose all the subjects I want. https://mamme.masters.upc.edu/en/study-program ...
3
votes
3answers
250 views

Genus of a plane curve of the form $\prod_{i=1}^n (a_iX+b_iY+Z) = Z^n$

Does anybody know the genus of the following (projective) plane curve?: $$\prod_{i=1}^n (a_iX+b_iY+Z) = Z^n$$ where the $a_i$'s and the $b_i$'s are complex numbers with $a_j \ne a_i\ne b_i \ne b_j$ ...
1
vote
0answers
92 views

A true statement about sets; expressible? [on hold]

For any pair $(x,y)$ of sets, we obtain a unique set $z=F(x,y)$ by letting $F(\emptyset,y)=y$ and $F(\{x_i\}_{i\in I},y)=\{F(x_i,y)\}_{i\in I}$ if $I\ne\emptyset$ (the recursion eventually reaches the ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Reference request - Compact embedding of intermediate space

Given two Banach spaces $X_0$ and $X_1$ with norms $\|\cdot\|_0$ and $\|\cdot\|_1$, respectively, such that $X_0\subset X_1$ and $X_0\hookrightarrow X_1$, i.e., $X_0$ is continuous embedded in $X_1$. ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

degeneration of reductive group

If $A$ is a mixed characteristic complete DVR (I'm only actually interested in $\mathbf{Z}_p$) and $G/A$ is a closed subgroup scheme of $GL(n)$ whose generic fibre is connected reductive and split, is ...
4
votes
0answers
50 views

Surjectivity of self-isometries as property of metric spaces

A metric space $(X,d)$ is said to be bounded if there is $r\in\mathbb{R}$ such that for all $x,y\in X$ we have $d(x,y) \leq r$. A self-isometry is a map $\iota:X\to X$ such that for all $x,y\in X$ we ...
13
votes
2answers
698 views

Distributing points evenly on a sphere

I am looking for an algorithm to put $n$-points on a sphere, so that the minimum distance between any two points is as large as possible. I have found some related questions on stackoverflow but ...
0
votes
1answer
176 views

Supplementary notes to Mumford's The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes

I am a graduate student with good mathematical maturity (I took advanced courses like category theory, commutative algebra...). I want to study algebraic geometry from Mumford's red book. I find it ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Existenc conditions of single crossing [on hold]

There are two density function $f(x)$ and $g(x)$.They have the commnon support set $[\underline{x},\bar{x}]$. Condition (1)$f(\underline{x})<g(\underline{x})$ and $f(\bar{x})>g(\bar{x})$. ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

c-superdifferential is unique +cost function is differentiable, then the potential function is differentiable?

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold, $\mu$ and $\nu$ are two Borel probability measures, the cost function $c(x,y)=\frac{d^2(x,y)}{2}$. It's well known that the infimum of the Kontorovich's ...
6
votes
0answers
70 views

A tensor product for triangulated categories?

Many triangulated categories which show up in mathematics, such as derived categories of various sorts, arise as the homotopy category of a stable $\infty$-category. Stable $\infty$-categories give ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

integrability of Brownian motion stopped at some stopping time

Let $B=(B_t)_{t\ge 0}$ be a standard Brownian motion starting at zero and denote by $S=(S_t)_{t\ge 0}$ its running maximum, i.e. $S_t=\sup_{0\le s\le t}B_s$. Given a fixed number $p>1$, define the ...
0
votes
0answers
77 views

Irreducible component of a scheme over a dvr

Let $\mathcal M$ be a (reduced) quasi-projective scheme over a dvr (of mixed caracteristics), $R$. Suppose that the generic fiber $\mathcal M_{\eta_R}$ is (nonempty) smooth and irreducible of ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Tensor product of algebra group and banach space

Let G be a locally compact group and A be a banach space. It is known that the tensor product L^1(G)⊙A is isometrically isomorphic to L^1(G,A). I need proof of it.
3
votes
0answers
31 views

Catenarity of monoid algebras

Let $R$ be a commutative ring, let $M$ be a commutative monoid, and let $R[M]$ denote the corresponding monoid algebra. Suppose further that $R$ is universally catenary. One may ask for conditions on ...
1
vote
1answer
14 views

Reducing join-incomplete lattice homomorphisms to homomorphisms with co-domain ${\bf 2}$

Let $L$ be an complete lattice. A lattice homomorphism $f: L\to L$ is said to be join-incomplete if there is an infinite set $S \subseteq L$ such that $f(\bigvee_L S) > \bigvee_L f(S).$ Is it true ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

The spring Markov chain on $\mathbb{N}$

I'm trying to understand and learn more about "almost surely bounded" Markov chains on countable state spaces. I'm looking for references where I can learn how to work with more complicated examples ...
-1
votes
1answer
59 views

Bounded metric spaces with non-surjective self-isometry

A metric space $(X,d)$ is said to be bounded if there is $r\in\mathbb{R}$ such that for all $x,y\in X$ we have $d(x,y) \leq r$. A self-isometry is a map $\iota:X\to X$ such that for all $x,y\in X$ we ...
0
votes
1answer
134 views

Minimum number of people such that 2 can be expected to sit next to each other [on hold]

We are given a large, round table with $n$ seats. It is easy to see that whenever $p\geq \text{int}(\frac{n}{2}) + 1$ people are seated, at least $2$ people will sit next to each other (here ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

How to find PDF of ordered random variables? [on hold]

Assumpion: Let $X_1, X_2, \ldots, X_L$ be $L$ independent and identical random variables (RVs). Let $F_{X_i}(x_i)$ and $f_{X_i}(x_i)$ be CDF and PDF of $X_i$. Suppose that $F_{X_i}(x_i) = F_X(x_i)$ ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

probability of reaching a point in a 2d grid in a certain number of steps [on hold]

I have a random walk process in a 2d grid with N steps where N is small. How can I calculate the probability that any given cell was reached in N, N-1, N-2 ... 1 steps. That is, I would like to be ...

15 30 50 per page