User li yutian - MathOverflow most recent 30 from http://mathoverflow.net 2013-06-20T10:06:20Z http://mathoverflow.net/feeds/user/11102 http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.5/rdf http://mathoverflow.net/questions/50671/quotient-of-two-laplace-integrals-2 Quotient of two Laplace integrals (2) LI Yutian 2010-12-29T18:40:46Z 2010-12-29T20:44:45Z <p>In one attempt to prove a probability theorem (of K.L. Chung and P. ErdÅ‘s, 1951) using analytic argument, I try to prove the following Let $\varphi(x)$ and $\psi(x)$ be two complex-valued continuous functions on $[a,b]$, and let $f(x)$ be a complex-valued continuously differentiable function on $[a,b]$. Suppose that $|f(x)|$ has an absolute maximum at an interior point, say $\xi$, of the interval, and $f'(\xi)=0$. Then $$\label{eq3} \lim_{n\to\infty}\frac{\int_a^b\varphi(x)[f(x)]^ndx}{\int_a^b\psi(x)[f(x)]^ndx}=\frac{\varphi(\xi)}{\psi(\xi)}.$$</p> <p>Remark 1: This is true for $f(x)\in C^2$, by Laplace's method. </p> <p>Remark 2: Michael has given a counter example without the assumption $f'(\xi)=0$. This is a good example. Please see in the origin version of the problem: <a href="http://mathoverflow.net/questions/48290" rel="nofollow">http://mathoverflow.net/questions/48290</a> </p> <p>This problem is still open.</p> <p>Thank you.</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/48290/quotient-of-two-laplace-integrals Quotient of two Laplace integrals LI Yutian 2010-12-04T18:51:28Z 2010-12-06T22:19:17Z <p>Let $\varphi(x)$ and $\psi(x)$ be two complex-valued continuous functions on $[a,b]$, and let $f(x)$ be a complex-valued continuously differentiable function on $[a,b]$. Suppose that $|f(x)|$ has an absolute maximum at an interior point, say $\xi$, of the interval. Prove or disprove $$\label{eq3} \lim_{n\to\infty}\frac{\int_a^b\varphi(x)[f(x)]^ndx}{\int_a^b\psi(x)[f(x)]^ndx}=\frac{\varphi(\xi)}{\psi(\xi)}.$$</p> <p>Remark 1: This is true for $f(x)\in C^2$, by Laplace's method. </p> <p>Remark 2: Micheal has given a counter example, which makes the use of the fact $f'(\xi)\neq0$. This is a good example. Now, if we further assume that $f'(\xi)=0$, and also we assume that $\phi\neq0$ and $\psi(\xi)\neq0$. how about now? I believe this will be more difficult. </p> <p>Remark 3: Sorry for my question style. Well, this is not just a home work. It's an open problem, when one try to prove a theorem of Chung and Erd\"os 1951. That theorem is essentially said that the ratio of two coefficients in Fourier series of $f(x)^n$ will tend to 1. Where the assumption on $f$ could be translated as $f\in C^1[-\pi,\pi]$, $f(0)=1$, $f'(0)=0$ and $|f(x)|&lt;1$ for $x\neq0$. This theorem will be a corollary if the limit is true here. So I make a further assumption in Remark 2 that $f'(\xi)\neq0$. </p> <p>Thank you.</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/48290/quotient-of-two-laplace-integrals/48343#48343 Comment by LI Yutian LI Yutian 2010-12-06T21:37:57Z 2010-12-06T21:37:57Z @ Michael: Thanks. Very good example. How about if we add another assumption that $f'(\xi)=0$? Is the limit correct in that case? http://mathoverflow.net/questions/48290/quotient-of-two-laplace-integrals Comment by LI Yutian LI Yutian 2010-12-05T00:18:22Z 2010-12-05T00:18:22Z This problem comes from an attempt of proving a probability theorem (of K.L. Chung and P. Erd\&quot;os, 1951) using analytic argument.