Calculating chern numbers yields a contradiction, why? - MathOverflow most recent 30 from http://mathoverflow.net 2013-05-25T07:51:29Z http://mathoverflow.net/feeds/question/91070 http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.5/rdf http://mathoverflow.net/questions/91070/calculating-chern-numbers-yields-a-contradiction-why Calculating chern numbers yields a contradiction, why? Jesko Hüttenhain 2012-03-13T12:30:58Z 2012-03-13T17:35:19Z <p>I am really stuck on this one. Let $Y=\mathbb{P}^n$ be the complex projective space and let $\tilde Y$ be the blow-up of $Y$ along a linear subvariety $X$ of codimension $d$. We get the following blow-up diagram: <code>$$\begin{matrix} E &amp; \xrightarrow{\;j\;} &amp; \tilde{Y} \\ \hphantom{\scriptstyle g}\downarrow {\scriptstyle g} &amp;&amp; \hphantom{\scriptstyle f}\downarrow {\scriptstyle f} \\ X &amp;\xrightarrow{\;i\;} &amp; Y \end{matrix}$$</code> Denote by $P$ the proper transform, under $f$, of a hyperplane in $Y$.</p> <p>I am trying to calculate $c_2(\tilde Y)$, and with the help of <a href="http://mathoverflow.net/questions/90409/second-chern-class-of-projective-space-blown-up-in-a-linear-subvariety" rel="nofollow">a post here at MO</a>, I thought that I had figured it out. However, I wanted to do a quick check if nothing went wrong, but something <em>did</em> go wrong. Assume $n=4$ and $d=2$, then we can use the formula from Fulton's book in Example 15.4.3 to get $$c_2(\tilde Y)=f^\ast c_2(Y) - j_\ast g^\ast c_1(X) - E^2.$$ By <a href="http://mathoverflow.net/questions/90409/second-chern-class-of-projective-space-blown-up-in-a-linear-subvariety" rel="nofollow">the answer to my question</a> by Johannes Nordström, we can write $j_\ast g^\ast c_1(X)=3(E^2 + EP)$ and this yields $$c_2(\tilde Y)=10P^2 - 3EP - 4E^2.$$ Now, we also know from the same example in Fulton's book that $c_1(\tilde Y)=f^\ast c_1(Y) - E=5P-E$. Since the blow-up map $f$ is finite of degree one, the degrees of $c_1^2(\tilde Y)c_2(\tilde Y)$ and $c_1^2(Y)c_2(Y)$ should coincide. Because I was unsure of the calculation, I asked <a href="http://mathoverflow.net/questions/90575/intersection-powers-of-the-exceptional-divisor-and-the-transform-of-a-hyperplane" rel="nofollow">a second question</a> and obtained the answer that $$P^{n-b} E^b = (-1)^{b-1+n-d} \cdot \binom{b-1}{n-d}$$ Now, we can put this all together and obtain <code>\begin{align*} c_1^2(\tilde Y)c_2(\tilde Y) &amp;= (5P-E)^2(10P^2 - 3EP - 4E^2) \\&amp;= 250P^4 - 175P^3E - 60P^2E + 37PE^3 - 4E^4 \\&amp;= 250 + 37 + 12 = 299, \end{align*}</code> but $c_1^2(Y)c_2(Y)=(4+1)^2\cdot\frac{4(4+1)}{2} = 250$. </p> <p>I do not know where the mistake is, since I find both of the answers I received very convincing, but I cannot find a flaw in my calculation either, nor do I doubt Fulton.</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/91070/calculating-chern-numbers-yields-a-contradiction-why/91099#91099 Answer by Johannes NordstrÃ¶m for Calculating chern numbers yields a contradiction, why? Johannes NordstrÃ¶m 2012-03-13T17:35:19Z 2012-03-13T17:35:19Z <p>Note that $P^2 = 0$, since we blow up the self-intersection of a hyperplane.</p> <p>The pull-back of the hyperplane class is $P+E$, so $c_1(\tilde Y) = 5P + 4E$, and $c_2(\tilde Y) = 10(P+E)^2 - 3EP - 4E^2 = 17EP + 6E^2$.</p> <p>This still does not yield $c_1(\tilde Y)^2 c_2(\tilde Y) = 250$ (I think it's $512 - 3\cdot 96 = 224$), but I don't see why this Chern number should be preserved by the blow-up.</p>