Examples for D-affine varieties? - MathOverflow most recent 30 from http://mathoverflow.net 2013-05-24T02:55:31Z http://mathoverflow.net/feeds/question/79865 http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.5/rdf http://mathoverflow.net/questions/79865/examples-for-d-affine-varieties Examples for D-affine varieties? Jan Weidner 2011-11-02T20:51:35Z 2012-05-14T16:49:04Z <p>A variety is called $\mathcal D$- affine if the global section functor induces an equivalence between quasi-coherent $\mathcal D$-modules and modules over $\Gamma(X,\mathcal D)$. It is easy to see that affine varieties are $\cal D$-affine. More surprisingly, by an important theorem of Beilinson-Bernstein, (partial) flag varieties are $\mathcal D$-affine as well!</p> <p>So my question is, how rare are $\mathcal D$-affine varieties? Are there other natural examples of $\mathcal D$-affine varieties?</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/79865/examples-for-d-affine-varieties/79867#79867 Answer by Mariano Suárez-Alvarez for Examples for D-affine varieties? Mariano Suárez-Alvarez 2011-11-02T21:54:05Z 2011-11-02T21:54:05Z <p>Toric varieties are $\mathcal D$-affine.</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/79865/examples-for-d-affine-varieties/79870#79870 Answer by Ben Webster for Examples for D-affine varieties? Ben Webster 2011-11-02T22:14:27Z 2011-11-10T19:00:36Z <p>As Alexander mentions above, it is a conjecture (and one that has stood for a while) that the OP has given a complete list of D-affine projective varieties. </p> <p>My perspective on this is that $T^*G/P$ (which differential operators quantize) are just not a good model for other cotangent bundles. For example: </p> <ul> <li>$T^*G/P$ is a resolution of singularities of its affinization. It's also conjectured that they are the only cotangent bundles of projective varieties with this property.</li> <li>$T^*G/P$ has a complete hyperkähler metric. It's also conjectured that they are the only cotangent bundles of projective varieties with this property.</li> <li>$T^*G/P$ deforms flatly to an affine variety (a generic nilpotent orbit intersected with the appropriate Slodowy slice). I don't know of any cotangent bundles of projective things that satisfy this, though I don't know if anyone else has thought much about it.</li> </ul> <p>Interestingly, if you look for symplectic varieties with the properties above, then you will find some which think they are the cotangent bundle of something D-affine (i.e. have a deformation quantization with a $\mathbb{C}^*$-action which they are affine with respect to). There's a way of "fixing" the cotangent bundles of toric varieties to get D-affinity back, called hypertoric varieties. The affinity theorem in this case was proved by <a href="http://arxiv.org/abs/1005.4645" rel="nofollow">Bellamy and Kuwabara</a> quite recently. An upcoming paper of myself, Braden, Licata and Proudfoot is going to contain some weak versions of these theorems (basically, the proof that some quantizations are affine, without actually proving that any particular one is) in a much more general situation that includes things like quiver varieties and does a recent paper of <a href="http://arxiv.org/abs/1108.6267" rel="nofollow">McGerty and Nevins</a>. </p> <p>Basically, you should think of the these theorems as coming from the flat deformation to something affine. by going non-commutative, you take some peek out in the direction of this deformation, and see that there is an affine variety right over there.</p> <p>On some level, one should think of the question of finding out which quantizations of a symplectic variety are affine; Beilinson and Bernstein solve this very combinatorially for the flag variety (it's when for the indexing weight, no inner product with a coroot is a negative integer) and the hypertoric case as a very concrete answer (it's when certain polytopes contain lattice points, though Bellamy and Kuwabara don't state it quite like this). I'm not sure there are any other examples not closely related to these where we know the precise formulation of the localization theorem.</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/79865/examples-for-d-affine-varieties/79903#79903 Answer by Piotr Achinger for Examples for D-affine varieties? Piotr Achinger 2011-11-03T07:48:06Z 2011-11-03T07:55:29Z <p>Warning: the theorem of Beilinson-Bernstein fails to hold in positive characteristic.</p> <p>Let me elaborate more about $D$-affinity in characteristic $p>0$ (a good reference is the introduction to A. Langer, "$D$-affinity and Frobenius morphism on quadrics"). In general, to prove that a variety is $D$-affine, we have to check two things: (1) that every quasi-coherent (over $\mathcal{O}_X$) $D$-module is globally generated over $D_X$, (2) that $H^i(X, D_X) = 0$ for $i>0$. In the characteristic $p$ case, $D_X$ has the so-called $p$-filtration (found by Haastert) by <code>$\mathrm{End}(F^i_{\star} \mathcal{O}_X)$</code> by endomorphisms of the Frobenius push-forwards of the structure sheaf. It follows that if <code>$H^i(X, \mathrm{End}(F^i_{\star} \mathcal{O}_X)) = 0$</code> then (2) holds (and conversely if $X$ is Frobenius split). For example, (2) holds for the projective space, and indeed projective spaces are always $D$-affine. It has been shown by Langer in the aforementioned article that if $n>1$ is odd and $p\geq n$ then the $n$-dimensional smooth quadric is $D$-affine. Since quadrics are Frobenius split, the same calculation of $F^s_\star \mathcal{O}_X$ shows that the even-dimensional quadrics are not $D$-affine in positive characteristic.</p>