What are CR manifolds like? - MathOverflow most recent 30 from http://mathoverflow.net 2013-05-23T03:01:56Z http://mathoverflow.net/feeds/question/7454 http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.5/rdf http://mathoverflow.net/questions/7454/what-are-cr-manifolds-like What are CR manifolds like? David Treumann 2009-12-01T16:23:11Z 2009-12-02T16:06:47Z <p>The complex structure on a complex manifold pulls back to what's called a CR structure on any real codimension 1 submanifold. The structure induced on a submanifold of higher codimension is a CR structure if a non-degeneracy condition holds. It's possible to describe these structures intrinsically, without reference to an embedding. I don't know anything else.</p> <p>I'd be happy with whatever kind of answer to the title question, but here are some more specific ones:</p> <ol> <li><p>Does CR stand for Cauchy-Riemann, or what?</p></li> <li><p>What kind of local invariants do CR manifolds have? Are there coordinates around every point that look like a real hyperplane in C^n? Or can there be some curvature or something.</p></li> <li><p>Can there be continuous families of CR structures on a given manifold? If the manifold is compact can these families (mod diffeomorphism) be infinite-dimensional?</p></li> <li><p>I have the impression, just from arxiv postings and seminar titles, of CR geometry being studied more in analysis than in softer geometric fields. Is that accurate, and if so what accounts for it?</p></li> </ol> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/7454/what-are-cr-manifolds-like/7455#7455 Answer by Danny Calegari for What are CR manifolds like? Danny Calegari 2009-12-01T16:29:51Z 2009-12-01T16:42:23Z <p>CR does stand for Cauchy-Riemann.</p> <p>CR structures on 3 dimensional manifolds arise as the boundaries of complex (or almost-complex) 4 manifolds; if these boundaries are strictly <em>pseudo-convex</em> (i.e. convex in "holomorphic directions") the CR structure on the 3-manifold is a contact structure (if the boundary is only (pseudo-)convex or (Levi) flat, the CR structure integrates to a confoliation or a foliation respectively). There can be infinite dimensional families of foliations on a 3-manifold; more generally, whenever the CR structure is "non-generic" or integrable, one has continuous moduli, otherwise (eg in the contact structure case) one has discrete moduli (to be explicit: what has discrete moduli is the contact structure, not the "CR+contact structure".)</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/7454/what-are-cr-manifolds-like/7587#7587 Answer by Andrea Altomani for What are CR manifolds like? Andrea Altomani 2009-12-02T16:06:47Z 2009-12-02T16:06:47Z <p>CR submanifolds of a complex manifold are defined as submanifolds M&sub;X such that TM&cap;iTM&sub;TX has constant rank (i is the imaginary unit). Note that the condition is automatically verified if M has codimension one; for higher codimension this is not true.</p> <p>An <em>abstract</em> CR manifold is a real manifold M, with a distinguished subbundle HM&sub;TM, corresponding to TM&cap;iTM, endowed with a linear endomorphism J with J<sup>2</sup>=-Id. The structure is furthermore required to satisfy a so called integrability condition: For all sections X,Y of HM:</p> <ul> <li><p>[X,JY]+[JX,Y] is a section of HM</p></li> <li><p>([X,Y]-[JX,JY]) + J([X,JY]+[JX,Y]) = 0</p></li> </ul> <p>Not every abstract CR manifold can be realized as a CR submanifold.</p>