Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? - MathOverflow most recent 30 from http://mathoverflow.net 2013-05-23T05:16:17Z http://mathoverflow.net/feeds/question/12709 http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.5/rdf http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? aspy591 2010-01-23T01:20:37Z 2013-01-27T10:51:14Z <p>Are there any books that present theorems as problems? To be more specific, a book on elementary group theory might have written: "Thereom: Each group has exactly one identity" and then show a proof or leave it as an exercise. The type of book that I am imagining would have written "Problem: How many unit elements can a group have?" and similarly for all other theorems. </p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach/12710#12710 Answer by Ben Weiss for Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? Ben Weiss 2010-01-23T02:03:49Z 2010-01-23T02:14:30Z <p>My favorite such book is <a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=54y1jO6CQYEC&amp;printsec=frontcover&amp;dq=problems+in+analytic+number+theory&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=fmx%5FWjIaY1&amp;sig=pI7LE6-pHhD94zVz4hVwu8FJfIc&amp;hl=en&amp;ei=ZltaS4mYNYHcNo-07foO&amp;sa=X&amp;oi=book%5Fresult&amp;ct=result&amp;resnum=3&amp;ved=0CBIQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&amp;q=&amp;f=false" rel="nofollow">Problems in Analytic Number Theory</a> by Ram Murty. There could not be enough good things said about it.</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach/12711#12711 Answer by Anton Petrunin for Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? Anton Petrunin 2010-01-23T02:08:31Z 2010-01-23T02:08:31Z <p>Classical example</p> <p><a href="http://www.pdmi.ras.ru/~olegviro/topoman/index.html" rel="nofollow">Elementary Topology. Textbook in Problems</a> by O.Ya.Viro, O.A.Ivanov, V.M.Kharlamov, N.Y.Netsvetaev</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach/12712#12712 Answer by mathphysicist for Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? mathphysicist 2010-01-23T02:15:12Z 2010-01-23T03:25:49Z <p>A number of books by Russian authors (cf. the one by Viro et al. from the Anton's answer) also come close to what you ask for. The two that came to my mind first are:</p> <p><a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=XAApQAAACAAJ" rel="nofollow">Theorems and problems in functional analysis</a> by Kirillov and Gvishiani</p> <p><a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=GI%5FSmiYsh0UC" rel="nofollow">Abel's theorem in problems and solutions</a> by Alekseev (based on <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vladimir%5FArnold" rel="nofollow">Arnol'd</a>'s lectures)</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach/12713#12713 Answer by François G. Dorais for Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? François G. Dorais 2010-01-23T02:29:23Z 2010-01-23T02:42:46Z <p>I had a lot of fun skimming through Jim Henle's <em>An Outline of Set Theory</em>. (It's now out of print, but I suspect Springer's <em>Problem Books in Mathematics</em> series has a few more such titles still in print.) </p> <p>Also, a nice little freebie is Stefan Bilaniuk's <a href="http://euclid.trentu.ca/math/sb/pcml/welcome.html" rel="nofollow">A Problem Course in Mathematical Logic</a>.</p> <p>In a different area, there is <em>Number Theory Through Inquiry</em> by David C. Marshall, Michael Starbird, Edward Odell.</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach/12714#12714 Answer by mathphysicist for Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? mathphysicist 2010-01-23T02:44:00Z 2010-01-23T03:30:49Z <p>Some classical books that would probably fit the bill:</p> <p><em>Problems and Theorems in Analysis</em> by Polya and Szego</p> <p><a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=S57XLkgbf0oC" rel="nofollow"><em>A Hilbert Space Problem Book</em></a> by Halmos</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach/12715#12715 Answer by david karapetyan for Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? david karapetyan 2010-01-23T02:58:41Z 2010-01-31T01:40:36Z <p>Algebraic Geometry by Robin Hartshorne. An algebra professor once told me that almost every exercise is a lemma or theorem from SGA.</p> <p>A friendlier and more accessible book for undergraduates is "Linear Algebra Problem Book" by Paul R. Halmos. Halmos is an awesome expositor and this one is no exception.</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach/12718#12718 Answer by David Speyer for Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? David Speyer 2010-01-23T03:10:07Z 2010-01-23T03:10:07Z <p><em>Problems in Group Theory</em>, by John Dixon. I worked through a good deal of this as an undergrad, and learned a lot from it.</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach/12719#12719 Answer by David Speyer for Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? David Speyer 2010-01-23T03:13:06Z 2010-01-23T03:13:06Z <p><em>Problems in Algebraic Number Theory</em>, by Esmonde and Murty, is very good. </p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach/12755#12755 Answer by darij grinberg for Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? darij grinberg 2010-01-23T17:41:30Z 2010-01-23T17:41:30Z <p>Here is my favorite: <a href="http://www2.math.su.se/~mleites/Prasolov/prasLinAlg/pr-linAlg-main.dvi" rel="nofollow">Victor Prasolov, <em>Problems and Theorems in Linear Algebra</em></a>. <a href="http://mathsouls.110mb.com/Ebook/Math/En/Linear%20Algebra/Problems%20and%20Theorems%20in%20Linear%20Algebra.pdf" rel="nofollow">Also avaliable in PDF</a>. However, I wouldn't recommend this to any undergrad without olympiad background.</p> <p>Generally, writing textbooks in form of problem compendiums is distinctive for Soviet mathematics. I could name some more books of this kind (such as one on Lie algebras), but unfortunately they are all in Russian and most have never been translated.</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach/12756#12756 Answer by Sonia Balagopalan for Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? Sonia Balagopalan 2010-01-23T17:46:09Z 2010-01-23T17:46:09Z <p><a href="http://books.google.ie/books?id=lYrsiaHSHKcC" rel="nofollow">An introduction to the theory of groups</a> by Joseph J Rotman makes for a good DIY second course in group theory.</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach/12757#12757 Answer by Joseph Malkevitch for Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? Joseph Malkevitch 2010-01-23T17:47:14Z 2010-01-23T17:47:14Z <p>Convex Figures I.M. Yaglom and V.G. Boltyanskii Holt, Rinehart and Winston, NY, 1961</p> <p>The first half of this book has definitions and results related to convexity to be proved by the reader and the solutions to these problems (theorems) is given in the second half of the book.</p> <p>The topics treated include Helly's Theorem, isoperimetric results, Minkowski addition of sets and curves of constant width. </p> <p>All of this material is clearly and well handled.</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach/12860#12860 Answer by David Lehavi for Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? David Lehavi 2010-01-24T19:28:58Z 2010-01-24T19:28:58Z <p>Onishchik and Vinberg's "Lie Groups and Algebraic Groups" (the translation, which is what I read, appeared in Springer's "Series in Soviet Mathematics") is ALL problems, and is very nice. Sadly, it is also out of print.</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach/12863#12863 Answer by Chris Godsil for Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? Chris Godsil 2010-01-24T20:07:29Z 2010-01-24T20:07:29Z <p>Lovasz's "Combinatorial Problems and Exercises" is a really good example.</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach/13537#13537 Answer by Bjorn Poonen for Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? Bjorn Poonen 2010-01-31T04:06:02Z 2010-01-31T04:06:02Z <p><em>Fifty challenging problems in probability with solutions</em> by Frederick Mosteller. It deserves to be better known than it is. Some things I like about it:</p> <ol> <li>It is elementary enough to be readable by high school students, but it introduces some serious ideas of probability.</li> <li>It is entertaining!</li> <li>It sells for \$6.95.</li> </ol> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach/25192#25192 Answer by Eleanor Rieffel for Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? Eleanor Rieffel 2010-05-19T01:01:54Z 2010-05-19T01:01:54Z <p>Pinter's <strong><em>A Book of Abstract Algebra</em></strong> is half problems, half text. Many important topics are covered as problems. For example, direct products of groups are introduced and their properties developed in a set of problems. Cauchy's Theorem and Sylow's Theorem are introduced as problems. I taught myself a good deal of abstract algebra from this book one summer. The high proportion of problems to exposition kept me stimulated, and his decomposition of proofs of theorems into bite-sized problem chunks was a confidence booster. I remember this book with great affection.</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach/25204#25204 Answer by Andrew L for Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? Andrew L 2010-05-19T03:45:33Z 2010-05-19T03:45:33Z <p>Ian Adamson has 2 really nice books pitched at the upper level undergraduate/graduate level: <em>A General Topology Workbook</em> and <em>A Set Theory Workbook</em>. Set Theory and point set topology can mostly be developed directly from the definitions,so these are nice subjects to present in this manner,particularly to students just learning how to do rigorous proofs. Best of all,both books come with complete solutions in the back. </p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach/25207#25207 Answer by Gerry Myerson for Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? Gerry Myerson 2010-05-19T05:53:20Z 2010-05-19T05:53:20Z <p>Joe Roberts, Elementary Number Theory, A Problem Oriented Approach. The 1st half of the book is all problems, the 2nd half is the solutions. This book is unusual for another reason; it's done entirely in calligraphy. </p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach/96872#96872 Answer by user9489fb98-26cb-4eeb-8303-213b7e27a3d1 for Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? user9489fb98-26cb-4eeb-8303-213b7e27a3d1 2012-05-14T05:51:48Z 2012-05-14T05:51:48Z <p><em>Modern Classical Homotopy Theory</em> by Jeffery Strom. </p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach/96874#96874 Answer by Gerhard Paseman for Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? Gerhard Paseman 2012-05-14T06:50:40Z 2012-05-14T06:50:40Z <p>There are number of books in the Schaum's Outline series that I would recommend to anyone beginning in the subject of choice, Group Theory, Linear Algebra, General Topology to name a few. They are good in making the initial learning curve less steep, and help to make many of the other books mentioned more accessible to someone new to the subject.</p> <p>Gerhard "Ask Me About System Design" Paseman, 2012.05.13</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach/96935#96935 Answer by semyon alesker for Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? semyon alesker 2012-05-14T18:55:38Z 2012-05-14T18:55:38Z <p>"<em>Elements of the Theory of Representations</em>" by A. Kirillov. This is a concise introduction to the representation theory of both finite and Lie groups. It contains necessary background from other fields, e.g. analysis on manifolds. Many theorems are formulated as problems, often with hints. Originally the book was written in Russian, but there is also English translation published by Springer-Verlag in 1976.</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach/96946#96946 Answer by pi2000 for Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? pi2000 2012-05-14T20:43:05Z 2012-05-14T20:43:05Z <p>Finite-Dimensional Linear Analysis: A Systematic Presentation in Problem Form (Dover Books on Mathematics) by Glazman-Ljubic A (difficult)introduction to finite analysis(no solutions)</p> <p>Theorie des groupes -Jean Delcourt(in french) (has solutions)</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach/119986#119986 Answer by Théophile Cantelobre for Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? Théophile Cantelobre 2013-01-27T03:13:03Z 2013-01-27T03:13:03Z <p>Kenneth P. Bogart's "Combinatorics through Guided Discovery" is written exactly this way and all properties touched on in the book are discovered in the book through problems. <br> You can download it here: <a href="http://www.math.dartmouth.edu/news-resources/electronic/kpbogart/" rel="nofollow">http://www.math.dartmouth.edu/news-resources/electronic/kpbogart/</a></p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach/119987#119987 Answer by Ryan Reich for Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? Ryan Reich 2013-01-27T03:46:11Z 2013-01-27T03:46:11Z <p>The little commutative algebra book by Atiyah and MacDonald is one such&mdash;the reason it's so little is that probably two-thirds of the results in it are in the exercises. I guess you know the subject if you can skim through it looking for a fact (which is quite likely to be present, if not in the main text) all the while nodding your head as though the proofs were actually given.</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/12709/are-there-any-books-that-take-a-theorems-as-problems-approach/120008#120008 Answer by Guy R. for Are there any books that take a 'theorems as problems' approach? Guy R. 2013-01-27T10:51:14Z 2013-01-27T10:51:14Z <p>Learning mathematics by solving problems is part of the french tradition. You will find many problems in Bourbaki or Dieudonne's Elements d'Analyse. At a more elementary level there are several problems covering a large amount of material at the end of Colmez's Elements d'analyse et d'algebre (et de theorie des nombres).</p>