Measures of full Hausdorff dimension for self-affine sets - MathOverflow most recent 30 from http://mathoverflow.net 2013-05-21T13:17:04Z http://mathoverflow.net/feeds/question/106815 http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.5/rdf http://mathoverflow.net/questions/106815/measures-of-full-hausdorff-dimension-for-self-affine-sets Measures of full Hausdorff dimension for self-affine sets Jörg Neunhäuserer 2012-09-10T13:11:15Z 2012-09-19T13:36:38Z <p>Consider the iterated function system $T_{1}(x)=(\beta x,\tau y)$, $T_{2}(x,y)=(\beta x+(1-\beta),\tau y+ (1-\tau))$ for $\beta\in(1/2,1)$ and $\tau\in (0,1/2)$ with self affine set $\Lambda_{\beta,\tau}$.</p> <hr> <p>It is known that for almost all $\beta$ and all $\tau$ $\dim_{H}\Lambda_{\beta,\tau}=\dim b=1-\log(2\beta)/\log(\tau)$ where $b=(1/2,1/2)$ is the Bernoulli measure on $\Lambda$. Essential this is due to the fact that the projection of $b$ to the $x$-axis is an infinite Bernoulli convolution which is know to be generic absolutely continues (Solomyak theorem).</p> <hr> <p>On the other hand we have shown that if $\beta^{-1}$ is a Pisot number we have $\dim b&lt;\dim_{H}\Lambda_{\beta,\tau}&lt;1-\log(2\beta)/\log(\tau)$ for all Bernoulli measures $b$. The projection of all $b$ in this case is singular with a dimension drop (Erdös theorem). </p> <hr> <p>Now here comes the question: Is there a (ergodic) measure of full dimension and what is $\dim_{H}\Lambda_{\beta,\tau}$ in the later case?</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/106815/measures-of-full-hausdorff-dimension-for-self-affine-sets/107533#107533 Answer by Tom Kempton for Measures of full Hausdorff dimension for self-affine sets Tom Kempton 2012-09-19T07:45:53Z 2012-09-19T07:45:53Z <p>Since no one has answered this after one week I'll give it a go, but I'm no expert in these things... </p> <p>This question without the conditions on contraction coefficients was looked at in a paper of Pollicott and Weiss, Journal of Statistical Physics, 1994. They solve the question under various conditions - and the cases that they can't deal with appear to be hard. I'd look at their paper and other papers which cite it, but I'd expect any generalisation of their work to be beyond the scope of a mathoverflow question.</p> <p>However, the fact that your second contraction coefficient is strictly less than 1/2 means that every point in your attractor has a unique 0-1 coding, so your system is isomorphic to the full shift on two symbols. You have a corresponding unique measure of maximal entropy (just push the 1/2-1/2 Bernoulli measure onto your system). </p> <p>Often measures of maximal entropy correspond to measures of maximal dimension using a dimension=entropy/lyapunov exponents formula, I don't under what conditions this formula is valid but I'd imagine that it's standard and can be found in the book by Climenhaga and Pesin, see their lecture notes online if you don't have access to the book, <a href="http://www.math.uh.edu/~climenha/fractals.html" rel="nofollow">http://www.math.uh.edu/~climenha/fractals.html</a> .</p> <p>As a final tip, to get the best advice you need to go to the right people. The kind of people that look at this kind of question are mainly ergodic theorists, I'm sure that if you'd tagged this question ergodic theory then Vaughn Climenhaga, Pablo Shmerkin and others would have found it and given you a much better answer than this one...</p> http://mathoverflow.net/questions/106815/measures-of-full-hausdorff-dimension-for-self-affine-sets/107546#107546 Answer by Pablo Shmerkin for Measures of full Hausdorff dimension for self-affine sets Pablo Shmerkin 2012-09-19T09:55:14Z 2012-09-19T13:36:38Z <p>If $\beta^{-1}$ is Pisot, then <strong>there is</strong> an ergodic measure of maximal dimension. This is a special case of the rather difficult Theorem 2.15 in the paper <a href="http://arxiv.org/abs/1002.2036" rel="nofollow">Dimension Theory of iterated function systems</a> by De-Jun Feng and Huyi Hu. Very roughly speaking, Feng and Hu adapt Ledrappier-Young theory to the IFS setting.</p> <p>Note that the assumptions that $\beta^{-1}$ is Pisot and $\tau&lt;1/2$ are crucial since they ensure that the weak separation condition holds (this is a key assumption in their theorem). As far as I know it is still not known if an ergodic measure of maximal dimension exists for <em>all</em> $\beta\in (1/2,1)$ (of course, this would follow from the above and the extremely difficult conjecture that the only singular Bernoulli convolutions come from Pisot numbers).</p> <p>I don't know of any explicit formulas for the Hausdorff dimension of the attractor in the case that $\beta^{-1}$ is Pisot. In my paper <a href="http://arxiv.org/abs/math/0408203" rel="nofollow">Overlapping self-affine sets</a> I gave a fairly explicit upper bound: $$\dim_H(\Lambda_{\beta,\tau})\le 1-\frac{\log (2\beta)}{\log\tau} + \tau_\beta(q)-(1-q),$$ where $\tau_\beta$ is the (negative of the) $L^q$ spectrum of the (uniform) Bernoulli convolution of parameter $\beta$ and $q=\log\beta/\log\tau$ (See Theorem 15 and the remark afterward). It is well known that the multifractality of the BC for Pisot parameters ensures that $\tau_\beta(q)&lt;1-q$.</p> <p>I used to believe that this upper bound is in fact the Hausdorff dimension, but I don't have a proof. </p>